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Annual report

Annual report

Annual Report FY2020


Annual Report FY2020 is now available online.


Publications & Reports / Other Publications

Seed yield and quality of three foundation seed models under the formal seed system



In Mali, smallholder farmers are generally not involved in foundation
seed production which is dominated by the conventional public sector based models. These dominant models have so far failed to avail sufficient quantities of foundation seed especially for non-irrigated rice
systems, groundnut, and cowpea. During 2018 and 2019 cropping seasons, field trials were conducted to test three models of foundation seed production, namely: Research Institutions Model – RIM, Seed Companies Model – SCM, and Smallholder Farmers Model – SFM.
Single varieties of five crops vital to food security in Mali (rice, millet, sorghum, groundnut, and cowpea) were used in a randomized complete block design with three replicates. The objectives were to identify the best performing models in terms of seed quantity, quality and model efficacy in realizing the yield potential of each crop variety. Significant differences were detected between models and crop performances (P≤0.05). Owing to the trainings and technical backstopping provided to smallholder farmers, the SFM realized the best performance in terms of seed quantity and seed yield; followed by SCM, while the RIM realized the lowest performance. No quality issue was reported for millet, sorghum, and cowpea even for the seed produced by smallholder farmers. Among crops, millet realized the best performance for seed quantity and seed yield and differed significantly from the two legume crops. None of the three models realized the yield potential of the rice variety used in the trials. In addition, there was problem with rice seed quality for all models due to variety contamination. These two factors combined with large seeding rate (60 kg per ha) may explain the unattractiveness of upland rice seed production and the large deficit of certified and foundation seed in Mali. Further studies are needed to shed more light on the challenges observed in the present research.


Dennis Okello; A Local Artisan Mentoring Youth into Making Various Technologies in Uganda


SAA promotes the use of advanced technologies for smallholder farmers across the entire agricultural value chain. However, specifically on the post harvesting segment, it has been a challenge utilizing technologies for farmers across the country. So SAA has been building the capacity of local artisans and fabricators to develop and maintain these technologies so that they can sustainably be utilized by the farmers.
Dennis Okello makes motorized maize shellers and other types of machines to ease the life of farmers in Kole district, Uganda. He also services and repairs these machine, with a training he got from SAA's Post-Harvesting pillar.
Today, he makes a decent living from this trade and is now mentoring youth in his village to do the same. He also employs a couple of them most of whom are school drop outs just like him. He gets pride in seeing them enroll into school or start the same trade.

For copies, please contact Raitt Orr & Associates Ltd in London.

Raitt Orr & Associates Ltd.

The Africa Centre
38 King Street, Covent Garden, London WC2E 8JT, United Kingdom

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