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Gendered assessment of Science, Technology and Innovation ecosystem Case study of Agricultural Research and Training Institutions in Mali

June.11.2021

ABSTRACT
Availability of qualified human capital in sufficient quantity is necessary for the development
and exploitation of science, technology and innovation. Mali, like many other African countries
is striving to grow a requisite pool of skilled science, technology and innovation professionals
but there is a dearth of information on the gender gaps at country level. Therefore, we conducted a gender-based assessment to map the status of science, technology and innovation upon which capacity development at higher education institutions will be premised. Primary and secondary data were collected and analysed qualitatively and quantitatively. The study looked at the following indicators of the status of science, technology and innovation: human capital, decision making, and research and development, while analysing the policy environment. All the indicators assessed exhibited large gender imbalance in favour of men. Within the agricultural research and training institutions, women are largely under-represented [15%]. Among women researchers, only 8% were active in 2018 compared to 92% for men. Eighteen percent of the staff involved in decision making were women compared to 82% for men. Among the active researchers, very few [6%] accessed science, technology and innovation information, regardless of gender indicating that this is a general issue that must be tackled at all level. To correct the gender gap in the agricultural training and research institutions, a capacity building program based on a countrywide policy of mainstreaming gender with incentives for girls in education, starting from the level of preschool, to primary, secondary, tertiary and high school, to higher education should be considered. Such gender mainstreaming program should be developed, implemented and must be accompanied by a strong and rigorous monitoring and evaluation program, to help inform policies on a regular basis. The gender mainstreaming programs should also provide incentives to girls that promote excellence in the short, medium and long terms.

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The agricultural value-chain extension model: concepts and applications in Africa

June.2.2021

Published by Agro-knowledge Journal
University of Banjaluka, Faculty of Agriculture

Abstract:
This paper describes the Agricultural Value Chain Extension Model after examining different extension models and differentiated terminologies related to evolution of extension models. Agricultural extension is a common denominator for functional value-chain and food security such that agricultural development outcomes are closely linked to agricultural advice provided by extension services.
This model consists of five components of formal training, key clusters, informal training, value chain actors and value chain centre interlinked and connected with forward and backward linkages with overlapping activities among the key clusters. All of these interplay based on the level of funds and resources available
for the activities connecting the components and the pervasiveness of the national agricultural policy where it is deployed. The paper concludes with the application of the Value-Chain Extension Model, by an International Non-Governmental Organization providing extension services along the value chain in Africa.

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Voices from the Field 2021-U-01

May.17.2021

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Voices from the Field, 2021-E-01

April.19.2021

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SAA COVID-19 News April 2021

April.14.2021

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